Glossary Terms - S
A programming language to instruct how one computer should communicate with
Typically, you would use a scripting language to cause your computer to automatically
connect to a host computer, validate your user id and password, and then processes desired
commands (like initiate SLIP).
A compressed file or files encapsulated in a decompression program, so you don't
need any other programs to expand the archive. A self-extracting archive will always have
an extension of .exe since this is consistent with application files under DOS and
A machine that makes services available on a network to client programs. A file
server makes files available. A WAIS server makes full-text information available through
the WAIS protocol (although WAIS uses the term source interchangeably with server).
Structure-enhanced text. A method of implicitly marking up text files to make
them both easy to read online and readable by special browser software offline.
A method of software distribution in which the software may be freely
distributed, and you may try it before paying. If you decide to keep and use the program,
you send your payment directly to the shareware author.
A common interfaceeither command-based or graphical. Typical Unix Shells
are csh, ksh, and sh. The Macintosh Shell is the Finder; the DOS Shell is COMMAND.COM; and
the Windows Shell is the Program Manager.
Several lines automatically appended to your email messages, usually listing your
name and email address, sometimes along with witty sayings and ASCII graphics. Keep them
short, and leave out the ASCII graphics.
The filename extension used by files compressed with StuffIt, a popular Macintosh
archival and compression program.
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Serial Line Internet Protocol. Like PPP, a protocol that lets your computer
pretend it is a full Internet machine using only a modem and a normal phone line. SLIP is
older and less flexible than PPP but somewhat more prevalent.
Collections of characters meant to totally replace body language, intonation, and
complete physical presence. ;-)
Simple Mail Transport Protocol. The protocol used by mail transfer agents on the
Internet to transfer mail. Eudora uses SMTP to send mail.
The standard name on the Internet for paper mail because email can travel across
the country in seconds, whereas my birthday present from my parents took a week once.
In WAIS jargon, a database of information. Used interchangeably with server in
the context of WAIS.
The act of sending hundreds of inappropriate postings to Usenet newsgroups and
mailing lists. Do it and you'll seriously regret it.
A family of programs originally developed by Raymond Lau and now published by
Aladdin Systems. Also the compression format used by those programs. Typically used only
in the Macintosh world, the extension is .sit.
The person who runs your host machine or network. Also known as the network
administrator or just plain administrator. Be very nice to this person.
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