Glossary Terms - N
National Center for Supercomputing Applications. A group that has produced a great deal of
public domain software for the scientific community. They wrote NCSA Telnet and have
completed NCSA Mosaic for Windows, X-Windows, and Macintosh.
Those system administrators who run large sites on the Internet. Although they
don't necessarily have official posts, they wield more power than most people on the nets.
Stands for NetBIOS Extended User Interface. It is the common networking protocol of
Windows for Workgroups. Meant for small local area networks, it is sometimes difficult to
get a PC to "talk" NetBEUI at anything else.
Network Basic Input/Output System. NetBIOS is a very basic applications interface
to allow an application to communicate on a network.
The most popular of PC local area networks by Novell, Inc. Rather than using
TCP/IP as its "standard" protocol for intercomputer communications, it uses
IPX/SPX. It is sometimes difficult to get a PC to "talk" TCP/IP and IPX/SPX at
the same time.
Network Information Center
An organization that provides information about a network.
Network Time Protocol
A protocol for transmitting the correct time around the Internet.
network time server
The machine from which you set your clock using Network Time Protocol.
Synonymous with Usenet news, or sometimes just Usenet.
A discussion group on Usenet devoted to talking about a specific topic.
Currently, over 9,000 newsgroups exist.
The file that Unix newsreaders use to keep track of which messages in which
newsgroups you've read.
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A program that helps you read news and provides capabilities for following or
See Network Information Center.
An easy-to-remember shortcut for an email address. Sometimes also called an
A list of public access Internet providers, created and maintained by a man named
A popular Unix newsreader.
Net News Transport Protocol. A transmission protocol for the transfer of Usenet
The name of a machine, such as penguin.tidbits.com.
The Boolean operator NOT, which WAIS uses to limit the found documents to ones
that contain one term but not another.
Windows application that allows you to view (and edit) ASCII text files.
Typically use with files of the .txt extension.
National Research and Education Network. The successor to the NSFNET.
National Science Foundation. The creators of the NSFNET.
National Science Foundation Network. The current high-speed network that links users with
supercomputer sites around the country. Also called the interim NREN.
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