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Glossary Terms - N

NCSA
National Center for Supercomputing Applications. A group that has produced a great deal of public domain software for the scientific community. They wrote NCSA Telnet and have completed NCSA Mosaic for Windows, X-Windows, and Macintosh.

net heavies
Those system administrators who run large sites on the Internet. Although they don't necessarily have official posts, they wield more power than most people on the nets.

NetBEUI
Stands for NetBIOS Extended User Interface. It is the common networking protocol of Windows for Workgroups. Meant for small local area networks, it is sometimes difficult to get a PC to "talk" NetBEUI at anything else.

NetBIOS
Network Basic Input/Output System. NetBIOS is a very basic applications interface to allow an application to communicate on a network.

NetWare
The most popular of PC local area networks by Novell, Inc. Rather than using TCP/IP as its "standard" protocol for intercomputer communications, it uses IPX/SPX. It is sometimes difficult to get a PC to "talk" TCP/IP and IPX/SPX at the same time.

Network Information Center
An organization that provides information about a network.

Network Time Protocol
A protocol for transmitting the correct time around the Internet.

network time server
The machine from which you set your clock using Network Time Protocol.

news
Synonymous with Usenet news, or sometimes just Usenet.

newsgroup
A discussion group on Usenet devoted to talking about a specific topic. Currently, over 9,000 newsgroups exist.

.newsrc
The file that Unix newsreaders use to keep track of which messages in which newsgroups you've read.

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Tuesday, July 03, 2001

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newsreader
A program that helps you read news and provides capabilities for following or deleting threads.

NIC
See Network Information Center.

nickname
An easy-to-remember shortcut for an email address. Sometimes also called an alias.

nixpub list
A list of public access Internet providers, created and maintained by a man named Phil Eschallier.

nn
A popular Unix newsreader.

NNTP
Net News Transport Protocol. A transmission protocol for the transfer of Usenet news.

nodename
The name of a machine, such as penguin.tidbits.com.

NOT
The Boolean operator NOT, which WAIS uses to limit the found documents to ones that contain one term but not another.

Notepad
Windows application that allows you to view (and edit) ASCII text files. Typically use with files of the .txt extension.

NREN
National Research and Education Network. The successor to the NSFNET.

NSF
National Science Foundation. The creators of the NSFNET.

NSFNET
National Science Foundation Network. The current high-speed network that links users with supercomputer sites around the country. Also called the interim NREN.

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