Glossary Terms - C
Call For Votes
What you do after discussing whether a new newsgroup should be created.
Chief Executive Officer. The head honcho of a company, who has little time to
learn computer systems. CEOs generally earn a lot more money than you or I.
The birthplace of the World Wide Web, although in real life the people at CERN do
high-energy physics research. Located in Geneva, Switzerland. CERN doesn't stand for
anything any more, although it once was an acronym for a French name.
See Call For Votes.
In Internet Relay Chat, an area that theoretically has a specific discussion
topic. See IRC.
The document that lays out what topics a newsgroup will cover, what its name will
be, and other relevant details.
A simple conversation (you hope) between your computer and your host machine that
allows you to log in automatically. Chat scripts usually involve a series of send and
expect strings. Your host sends a login prompt; your computer responds with your username.
Your host sends a password prompt; your computer responds with your password.
A term from classical rhetoric that describes a situation in which you introduce
subjects in the order A, B, C, and then talk about them in the order C, B, A.
Stands for CompuServe Information Service, or simply CompuServe. Wags often
replace the S with a $. See CompuServe.
An alternate hierarchy of newsgroups that uses the same transmission routes as
Usenet, but carries commercial information from UPI and others. You, or your provider,
must pay to read ClariNet news.
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The program or computer that requests information from a server computer or
program. Used in terms of client/server computing. See also server.
Short for Conversational Monitor System. The part of the operating system on
certain IBM mainframes with which you interact. Not at all conversational.
Where you type commands to an operating system such as DOS or Unix. Command-line
operating systems can be powerful but are often a pain to work with, especially for those
used to a window interface.
Generically, to make a file smaller by removing redundant information. Specifically, the
Unix compress program that does just that. Files compressed with the Unix compress command
end with a .Z suffix (always a capital Z). Compressed files may be expanded with the Unix
One of the oldest and largest commercial online services. Sometimes abbreviated as CIS.
The amount of time you are actually connected to and using a computer. Because connect or
telephone charges are based on this amount of time, you want to keep it as low as
Corporation for Research and Educational Networking.
What happens to a Usenet posting when you put several newsgroup names in the Newsgroups
line. More efficient than posting multiple individual copies.
Compressed SLIP. A type of SLIP account that uses compression to increase performance.
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