Glossary Terms - A
A method of identifying a resource (such as a program) or piece of information
(such as a file) on a network. Methods of addressing vary considerably from network to
The Boolean ADJACENT operator, used by WAIS to indicate that the two terms on
either side of an ADJ tag should sit next to each other in found documents.
One of the earliest text adventure games written for computers. It is the
forerunner of the popular Zork series from Infocom.
A popular commercial information service with a graphical interface.
The Boolean AND operator, used by WAIS to indicate that found documents must
contain both terms that appear in the question.
Shorthand for America Online. Each letter is pronounced separately.
An older DOS archiving format.
An invaluable Internet service that maintains, and allows users to search, a
large database of materials stored on anonymous FTP sites.
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A site that archives files for users to retrieve, via either FTP or email.
Advanced Research Projects Agency. The governmental organization responsible for
creating the beginnings of the Internet.
The proto-Internet network created by ARPA.
American Standard Code for Information Interchange. In the context of a file, an
ASCII file is one that contains only "text" characters: numbers, letters, and
standard punctuation. Although ASCII text can contain international characters available
in Windows ("upper-ASCII"), these characters are not commonly supported by
Internet services such as email, Gopher, and FTP. In FTP, it's a command that tells FTP
that you will be transferring text files (which is the default).
atob (pronounced "a to b")
A Unix program that turns ASCII files into binary files. The btoa program does
Files that linked to a specific email message, just as you might paperclip a
clipping to a snail mail letter.
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